Definition – In their original Greek version, Doric columns stood directly on the flat floor of a temple without a base; their vertical shafts were fluted with 20 parallel concave grooves; and they were topped by a smooth capital
Ancient builders developed several Orders, or rules, for the design and proportion of buildings, including the columns. Doric is the earliest and most simple of the Classical Orders set down in ancient Greece.
A Doric column is much plainer than the later Ionic and Corinthian column styles. A Doric column is also thicker and heavier than an Ionic or Corinthian column.
Features of a Doric Column:
Originally placed directly on the ground without a pedestal or base
Shaft is wider at the bottom
Shaft is fluted (grooved)
Smooth, round capitals (tops)
No carvings or other ornaments